John Wesley Judd C.B., LL.D., F.R.S., F.G.S.


1840 Born February 18th at Portsmouth. School at Portsmouth, then Camberwell.
1858 Entered training college at Westminster.
1859 Obtained 1st class certificates from newly formed Department of Science and Art for teaching of geology and mineralogy, but failed to obtain employment as a teacher of science and undertook elementary teaching at Horncastle, Lincolnshire. Gave up spare time and holidays to scientific (especially geology) studies.
1863 Entered Royal School of Mines. Won Royal Exhibition in 3rd year, but no facilities for research at Jermyn Street so became analytical chemist in iron and steel works at Sheffield.
1864 Introduced to microscopic study of rocks by Sorby (at Sheffield).
Injured in railway accident and work at Sheffield given up for geology in Lincolnshire. Correlated strata at base of Lincolnshire Wolds with Neocomian of the Continent, and zones of Speeton Clay in Yorkshire with Lincolnshire facies. Revised Lower Oolites of Lincolnshire extending to Yorkshire and Midland counties, demonstrated their Inferior Oolite age (hitherto supposed to be Great Oolite).
1867 Joined the Survey. Worked for 4 years in Rutland and adjoining counties. Memoir: “Rutland” (1875).
1871 Resigned from Survey.
Joined Education Department as Inspector of Returns in London area.
After a year, resumed independent work in the field.
Studied Secondary rocks of Scotland, worked out true succession and correlation of Trias to Upper Oolite.
On west coast attention directed to igneous rocks. As a result of studies, stated existence of 5 great Tertiary volcanoes, chiefly plutonic complexes representing cores and order of succession acid to basic.
Results published in Quarterly Journal Geological Society (1874) attracted notice of Lyell, Darwin and Scrope.
Invited to Forfarshire by Lyell, helped to revise “Elements of Geology”.
Through Scrope visited volcanic districts of Italy, Hungary and Bohemia (series of papers in Geological Magazine).
Proposed terms “intermediate” and “ultrabasic” rocks, also “petrographical provinces”.
1876 Chosen to succeed Ramsay as Professor of Geology in Royal School of Mines. School moved south to Kensington.
1877 Elected F.R.S.
Secretary of Geological Society.
1882 Royal College of Science created, with assistance of Huxley, Judd developed comprehensive system of teaching in geology.
1886 – 1887 President of Geological Society.
1887 President of Geology Section, British Association, Aberdeen.
Hon. LL.D. from Aberdeen University.
1891 Wollaston Medal.
Results of petrographical work on igneous rocks of Western Isles published in Quarterly Journal Geological Society.
Papers also in geology of London and Hampshire basins.
1895 – 1896 Made Dean of Royal College of Science on death of Huxley.
Elected C.B.
1905 Retired.
1913 Nominated Emeritus Professor of Imperial College.
1916 Died March 3rd at Kew.

Biographies and Obituaries

1917 Harker, A. Obituary - John Wesley Judd. Born 1840, died 1916. [In Anniversary Address.]. Proceedings of the Geological Society in Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society. v. 73 p.lvii-lx. 1917
1919 Cole, G.A.J. Obituary - John Wesley Judd, C.B., LL.D., F.R.S., F.G.S. (1840-1916). Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society. v. 19 p.327-329. 1919
1916 Obituary - Professor John Wesley Judd (1840-3.3.1916). Geologists Magazine. New Series. v. 3 p.190-192. 1916
1917 Obituary - J.W. Judd. Died in March 1916. Proceedings of the Geologists Association. v. 28 p.53. 1917
1919 Obituary - John Wesley Judd (1840-1916). Mineralogical Magazine. v. 18 p.140-142. 1919
Geology of Yorkshire, Kendall and Wroot p. 346
1905 Geological Magazine (1905) p. 385