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Industrial minerals

Industrial minerals map

Industrial Minerals Map of Britain, BGS©NERC

The BGS industrial minerals map shows the broad distribution of the industrial mineral resources of Britain and the main sites where they are worked. Superficial deposits, which cover bedrock, are not shown. Resources have been defined by dominant lithology (rock type), and include limestones, sands and sandstones, mudstones, igneous and metamorphic rocks. These are sub–divided according to rock properties which are influenced by geological age and tectonic history. The occurrence and, where appropriate, subsurface extent of gypsum, salt, potash, china clay and ball clay are also shown.

Mineral extraction sites are identified by symbol shape (for type of operation) and colour (for the type of mineral commodity). Selected industrial minerals, including china clay, ball clay, fuller's earth, salt, gypsum, potash, fluorspar, barytes and talc, are identified by a code. Two important mineral producing areas, the St Austell Granite china clay area and the limestone resources of Derbyshire, are covered by inset maps. Additional information on specific industrial minerals is provided in explanatory text boxes surrounding the coastline.

The BGS industrial minerals resources map of Britain is avaliable to purchase from the BGS shop.

BGS Industrial Mineral Resource Assessment

Clive Mitchell assessing limestone resource, BGS©NERC

The BGS industrial minerals consultancy service is founded on the extensive UK and international experience of its staff and the well-equipped laboratory facilities.

The services offered include:

  • Consultation: impartial advice on resource assessment, laboratory test work, mineral processing & commodity evaluation by BGS industrial minerals experts.
  • Resource assessment: involving reconnaissance surveying of resources, field sampling, GIS-based resource maps, reports and investment promotion brochures.
  • Technical evaluation: involving characterisation, mineral processing and evaluation test work to determine the end-use suitability of industrial mineral commodities.
  • Industrial minerals markets: the value of the technical evaluation can be enhanced by advice on potential markets, market survey research and investment promotion activities.
  • Industrial minerals training and workshops: training modules and workshops cover the importance of industrial minerals, markets, concepts, commodities, exploration, characterisation, mineral processing and end-use testing.

For further information contact BGS Industrial Minerals Specialist: Clive J Mitchell